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Results for category "Vitamins"

Vitamin B6 – Pyridoxine

Vitamin B6

Pyridoxine is a water soluble B-complex vitamin which is necessary for the production of antibodies and white blood cells. B6 is necessary for the absorption of vitamin B12. B6 is required for the functioning of more than 60 enzymes in the boy and also for protein synthesis. Of all the B vitamins, B6 is the most important for a healthy immune system and it is thought to protect the body against some cancers. B6 is widely used for relieving the symptoms of PMS and menopause and may cure some forms of infertility. This vitamin is also used to prevent skin inflammation and maintains healthy teeth and gums. Read More →

Vitamin B12 – Cobalamin

Vitamin B12

Cobalamin is water soluble member of the B-complex vitamin family and it is the only vitamin that contains essential minerals. B12 is essential for the healthy metabolism of nerve tissue and deficiencies can cause brain damage and neurological disorders. Vitamin B12 was once considered to be a “wonder drug” and was given by injection to rejuvenate. B12 may also reduce the risk of cancer and the severity of allergies as well as boosting energy levels. Low levels of this vitamin results in anemia. Read More →

Iodine

Iodine

Iodine is a mineral which was first discovered in 1812 in kelp. Iodine was extracted and given its name because of its violet color. It occurs naturally and is a crucial constituent of the thyroid hormone which monitors out energy levels. Iodine deficiency is one of the key world health problems and at least 200 million people suffer from conditions linked to inadequate iodine in the diet. Lack of iodine can cause goiter, hypothyroidism, cretinism, and can eventually lead to myxedema. Read More →

Chromium

Chromium

Chromium is a trace of mineral that was discovered in the body in the 1950s. It is an important regulator of blood sugar and has been used successfully  in the control and treatment of diabetes. It is involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats and is used in the production of insulin in the body. High levels of sugars in the diet can cause chromium to be excreted through the kidneys. So it is important to get enough in your diet if you eat sugary foods. The incidence of diabetes and heart disease increases with increased levels of chromium in the body. Read More →

Phosphorus

Phosphorus

Phosphorus is a mineral that is essential to the structure function of the body. It is present in the body as phosphates and in this form aids the process of bone mineralization and helps to create the structure of the bone. Phosphorus is also essential for communication between cells and for energy production. Phosphorus appears in many foods and deficiency is rare. Because of its role in strengthening our bones, we should eat twice as much calcium as phosphorus. Read More →

Dietary Fiber

Dietary Fiber

Dietary fiber, also known as bulk or roughage, is an essential element in the diet, even though it provides no nutrients. It consists of plant cellulose ad other indigestible materials in foods, along with pectin and gum. The chewing it requires stimulates saliva flow and the bulk it adds in the stomach and intestines during digestion provides more time for absorption of nutrients. A diet with sufficient fiber produces softer, bulkier stools and helps promote bowel regularity and avoid constipation and disorders such as diverticulosis.  Read More →

Potassium

Potassium

Potassium is one of the most important minerals in our body, working with sodium and chloride to form “electrolytes”, the essential body salts that make up our body fluids. Potassium is crucial in order for the body to function. It plays a role in nerve conduction, the beating of the heart, energy production, the synthesis of nucleic acids and proteins, and the contraction of muscles.

Sweating can cause loss of potassium as do chronic diarrhea and diuretics. People taking certain drugs, including corticosteroids, high dose penicillin, and laxatives may duffer from potassium deficiency. Symptoms of this can include vomiting, abdominal distension, muscular weakness, loss of appetite, low blood pressure, and intense thirst. Read More →

Chloride

Chloride

Chloride is found in many chemicals and other substances in the body. It is an important part of the salt found in many foods and used in cooking. Chloride is needed to keep the proper balance of body fluids. It is an essential part of digestive (stomach) juices.

Too little chloride in the body can occur when your body loses a lot of fluids. This may be due to excessive sweating, vomiting, or diarrhea. Medicines such as diuretics can also cause low chloride levels. Read More →

Sodium

Sodium

Sodium is an element that the body needs to work properly. The body uses sodium to control blood pressure and blood volume. The body also needs sodium for its muscles and nerves to work properly.

Sources

Sodium occurs naturally in most foods. The most common form of sodium is sodium chloride, which is table salt. Milk, beets, and celery also naturally contain sodium. Drinking water, also contains sodium, but the amount depends on the source. Read More →

Magnesium

Magnesium

Magnesium is a mineral that is absolutely essential for every biochemical process taking place in our bodies including metabolism and the synthesis of nucleic acids and protein.

Magnesium deficiency is very common particularly in the elderly, heavy drinkers, pregnant woman, and regular, strenuous exercisers. It has been proven that even a very slight deficiency can cause a disruption of the heartbeat. Other symptoms of magnesium deficiency include weakness, fatigue, vertigo, nervousness, muscle cramps, and hyperactivity in children. Read More →